- 11 February 1959
(Eastern Protectorate) and Lahej
Incorporated into Yemen
In 1874, arrangements of protection were agreed between
Britain and nine tribes ('Aqrabi, 'Alawi, 'Awlaqi, Dali', Fadhli,
Hawshabi, Lahej, Subeihi and Yafa') in the hinterland around Aden.
Over time, treaties were signed to formalise these
arrangements, and also arrangements with other tribes
- the tribal lands becoming British
protectorates, together known as the Aden
Protectorates and administered from British-ruled India.
Between 1886 and 1954, the British signed over 30
agreements with other sheikhdoms and sultanates, thus increasing the
extent Aden Protectorates.
In 1937, the Aden Protectorate was transferred
from British-Indian to
direct British control. It was administratively divided into
Eastern Protectorate and the Western Protectorate.
On 11th February 1959, six of the territories within the
Western Protectorate ('Awdhali, Bayhan, Dali', Fadhli, Lower Yafa' and
'Awlaqi Sheikhdom) merged to
become the Federation
of Arab Emirates of the South.
The territories in the Eastern Protectorate, and the
remaining territories in the Western Protectoriate instead became
of South Arabia.
Today, the Aden Protectorates are part of
the Republic of Yemen.