September 1947 - 26 October 1954
into Croatia, Italy and Slovenia
The city of Trieste and surrounding area were part
On 10th September 1919, Trieste was ceded to Italy, which
had occupied it for the past year.
Germany occupied the area from 1943 until 1st May 1945 when
the area was captured by Yugoslavian
The next day, the New Zealand army entered Trieste,
and on 12th May forced the
Yugoslavians to leave.
A compromise was reached and the area divided between an
Anglo-American administration known as Zone A, and a Yugoslavian
administration known as Zone B.
On 15th September 1947, a peace treaty was signed with
Italy which still legally controlled the territory. This
treaty created the Free State of Trieste. Technically this was an independent state, but in reality it still controlled by
the Anglo-American and Yugoslavian administrations.
On 11th May 1952, the administration of Zone A was handed
On 26th October 1954, the Free State of Trieste was
disbanded. Zone A (which included the city of Trieste)
officially became part of Italy. Zone B became part of Yugoslavia, although it was
claimed by Italy until 1975.
The Yugoslavian part of Trieste is now divided between the
independent nations of Croatia and Slovenia.