3 October 1990
Capital: East Berlin
In 1945, following Germany's defeat
in World War
II, the country was divided into four zones administered by France, the
United Kingdom, the United States of America and the USSR. Berlin, the
capital, was similarly divided into four sectors.
Whilst the other zones merged to become West Germany,
the Soviet-controlled zone (plus the Soviet-controlled part of Berlin)
remained separate. On 7th October 1949, the area became the
German Democratic Republic - informally known as East Germany.
On 21st September 1955, Soviet
military occupation of East
On 13th August 1961, the Berlin Wall was built which
East Berlin and West Berlin. This further isolated East
from the West.
On 9th November 1989, the Berlin Wall fell, setting in
chain of events that eventually led to the reunification of East
Germany and West Germany
on 3rd October 1990.