1642 - 28 November 1975 (officially until 20 May 2002)
Portuguese colony, then overseas province
Timor, East Indies
Independent nation - East Timor (Timor Leste)
The Portuguese began to settle the island of Timor in 1533.
Timor became a colony of Portugal in 1642, known as Portuguese Timor. This was administered by the Portuguese India colony.
On 20th September 1844, the administration of Portuguese Timor was transferred to Portugal's Macau colony.
On 30th October 1850, Portuguese Timor became a separate colony.
On 23rd September 1856, the administration of the colony again passed to Portuguese India.
On 20th April 1859, the border between Portuguese Timor and the Dutch East Indies
was agreed, with the western half of Timor and the islands of Adonara,
Flores and Solor being transferred from Portuguese to Dutch control.
On 17th September 1863, Portuguese Timor became a separate colony again.
On 26th November 1886, the administration of the colony was once again transferred to Macau.
On 15th October 1896, Portuguese Timor became a separate colony yet again.
On 17th December 1941, during World War II, Australian and Dutch troops occupied Portuguese Timor.
On 20th February 1942, Japanese forces captured and occupied the colony.
Portugal regained control of its colony on 11th September 1945.
On 11th June 1951, Portuguese Timor became an overseas province of Portugal.
On 28th November 1975, Portuguese Timor declared its indepence from Portugal as the Democratic Republic of East Timor.
On 7th December 1975, before the declaration of independence was
internationally recognised, Indonesian forces captured and annexed East
Timor. The international community viewed this as an illegal
occupation of Portuguese territory.
On 20th September 1999, following a referendum in which the
territory voted for independence, East Timor came under an
international administration, overseen by the United Nations.
On 19th October 1999, Indonesia withdrew from East Timor.
On 20th May 2002, East Timor officially gained its independence from Portugal as the Democratic Republic of East Timor, also known as Timor Leste.