1774 - 30 July 1980
Neutral territory, then Anglo-French condiminium
Melanesia, South-Western Pacific
Independent nation - Vanuatu
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- The New Hebrides were named by the British explorer James
Cook when he visited the islands in 1774.
- In 1824, the islands became a British
protectorate, although this was contested by France which had many
- The British protectorate was abolished in February 1878
when the islands became neutral territory with the British
settlers under the jurisdiction of the governor of Fiji.
- In 1900, the French settlers came under the jurisdiction of
the governor of New Caledonia.
- On 20th October 1906, the New Hebrides became an
Anglo-French condiminium, France and the United Kingdom jointly
administering the islands.
- From 1906 to 1976, the British administration formed part
of the British
Western Pacific Territories.
- Between 1974 and 1980, various islands claimed independence
but none of these claims were recognised.
- On 30th July 1980, the New Hebrides gained independence as
the Republic of Vanuatu.
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The flag above has been
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