27 March 1898 - 11 October 1955
(1905-1937); Dalian/Dalny/Dairen (1937-1955)
Liaodong Peninsula, East Asia
Incorporated into China
The southern tip of the Liaodong Peninsula was captured
China by Japan on 21st November 1894, and officially ceded to Japan on
17th April 1895 under the terms of the Treaty of Shimonoseki.
Following pressure from France, Germany and Russia, the
peninsula was returned to China on 5th May 1895. This was
known as the Triple Intervention.
On 27th December 1897, the port of Lüshun
(also known as Port Arthur) was occupied by Russia.
On 27th March 1898, the peninsula was officially leased to
Russia by China as the Kwantung Leased Territory.
On 2nd January 1905, during the Russo-Japanese War, Port
Arthur fell to Japanese forces who renamed it Ryojun.
With the signing of the Treaty of Portsmouth on 5th
September 1905, the lease for Kwangtung was officially transferred to
In 1932, the Japanese agreed a new lease which
transferred the sovereignty of Kwangtung from
the nominally independent Manchukuo.
In 1937, the capital of Kwangtung was moved from Port
Darien (also known by the Russians as Dalny, and by the Chinese as
Soviet forces occupied Kwangtung on 22nd August 1945, and
period of joint Chinese/Soviet administration it was reincorporated
into China on 11th October 1955.