Existed: 26 September 1816 - 16 August 1962
Incorporated into India
The French East India Company began to establish factories in India in the late 17th century.
By the late 18th century, France had gained control of various coastal settlements.
These changed hands between Britain and France numerous times.
On 26th September 1816, control of the settlements of Chandernagore, Karikal, Mahé, Pondicherry and Yanaon was restored to France.
On 2nd May 1950, Chandernagore came under Indian control,
although it was not officially incorporated into India until 9th
June 1952. Today Chandernagore (now Chandannagar) forms part of India's West Bengal state.
On 13th June 1954, India gained control of Yanaon.
On 15th June 1954, India gained control of Mahé.
On 1st November 1954, Karikal and Pondicherry came under Indian control.
On 16th August 1962, Karikal, Mahé, Pondicherry and Yanaon were officially ceded to India.
Today, Karikal (now Karaikal), Mahé, Pondicherry (now
Puducherry) and Yanaon (now Yanam) form the Puducherry Union Territory.