6 April 1861 - 27 April 1964
British protectorate, then independent nation
Capital: Zanzibar Where: Indian
Ocean, off East
Incorporated into Tanzania
Formerly ruled as part of Muscat (now in Oman), Zanzibar
achieved independence on 6th April 1861. Zanzibar consisted of
some islands in the Indian Ocean, and claimed a strip of land
on the coast of East Africa.
On 17th February 1885, Germany established a protectorate
over parts of mainland Africa that were claimed by Zanzibar.
On 1st July 1890, the Heligoland-Zanzibar treaty was signed
Britain and Germany. Through this, the Germans
North Sea island of Heligoland and the Caprivi Strip (which was to form
part of South
West Africa) from Britain, and the limits of what was to become German East Africa were defined.
The British gained control of Wituland (on the African mainland)
Germany, and an agreement that
the Germans would not interfere with their actions towards Zanzibar.
It is a common misconception that the Germans and British
swapped Heligoland and Zanzibar, since Zanzibar was at the time
On 7th November 1890, Zanzibar became a British
On 1st July 1895, Wituland was transferred to
On 24th June 1963, Zanzibar gained self-rule.
On 10th December 1963, Zanzibar gained independence from
Britain as the Sultanate of Zanzibar.
Following a coup on 12th January 1964, this became the
People's Republic of Zanzibar & Pemba.
On 27th April 1964, Zanzibar was merged with Tanganyika
to become the United Republic of Tanganyika & Zanzibar.
changed its name on 29th October 1964 to become the United Republic of