12 April 1877 - 8 August 1884; 25 October 1902 - 31 May 1910
Incorporated into South Africa
- In 1853 Boer settlers founded the independent South African Republic (Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek) in the Transvaal region of Southern Africa.
- On 12th April 1877, the Republic was annexed by Britain to become the Transvaal Colony.
- On 16th December 1880, the South African Republic declared its
independence from Britain. This act let to the First Boer War.
- On 8th August 1881, the Boers were given self-rule, although technically still within the British colony.
- On 8th August 1884, the South African Republic became independent again.
- Following the Second Boer War, on 25th October 1902, the Republic was again annexed by Britain as the Transvaal Colony.
- On 6th December 1906, the Transvaal was granted self-rule.
- On 31st May 1910, the Transvaal was united (as the Transvaal Province) with the Cape Colony, Natal, and the Orange River Colony to become the Union of South Africa.
- The Transvaal is now part of the independent Republic of South Africa, divided into the Gauteng, Limpopo and Mpumalanga Provinces and part of the North West Province.