24 April 1884 - 12 June 1968 (unofficially until 21
German colony, League of Nations mandate, UN
mandate, then UN territory occupied by South Africa
Capital: Windhoek Where: Southern
Independent nation - Namibia
On 24th April 1884, Germany established a protectorate in
South West Africa.
On 14th September 1892, this became a German crown colony.
By 16th August 1915, during World War I, South African
forces had occupied South West Africa.
On 17th December 1920, South West Africa became a League of
Nations mandate under the administration of South Africa.
On 1st October 1922, Walvis
Bay was incorporated into South West Africa.
The mandate should have become a United Nations Trust
after World War II, which would have led to independence with majority
rule. However, the South African government was
this and, on 11th December 1946, refused the United Nations'
request to make South West Africa a Trust Territory and it retained its
On 24th August 1954, South Africa announced that the
no longer in effect and that South West Africa had become part of its
territory. This was not accepted by the United Nations.
On 27th October 1966, the United Nations officially
the mandate and put South West Africa directly under
control. South Africa rejected this, however, and still
effectively controlled the territory.
On 12th June 1968, the United Nations renamed the territory
to Namibia. This change was not recognised by South Africa.
On 1st September 1977, Walvis
Bay was returned to South African control.
On 21st March 1990, South West Africa became independent as
the Republic of Namibia.
On 15th January 1993, Walvis
Bay came under joint Namibian/South African control.
On 28th February 1994, Walvis
transferred back to Namibia.