1885 - 30 May 1919
Capital: Dar es
Salaam Where: East
Independent nations of Burundi, Rwanda, part of Mozambique and most of
In 1885, the German East Africa Conpany (Deutsche
Ostafrikanische Gesellschaft) established a
over part of East Africa. This became an official German
protectorate later in the year.
On 1st July 1890, the Heligoland-Zanzibar treaty was signed
Britain and Germany. Through this, the limits of the
German sphere of influence in East Africa were defined. (See Zanzibar.)
On 1st January 1891, the land controlled by Germany was
renamed the German East Africa Colony.
On 1st July 1895, Wituland was transferred to
From May to September 1916, during the First World War,
Belgium occupied large
of German East Africa.
From 9th October 1916, Britain occupied the rest
of German East Africa, apart from the Kionga Triangle which was
occupied by Portugal.
On 30th May 1919, a treaty was signed between Britain and
Germany, transferring most of German East Africa to Britain - this
later became Tanganyika.
Only Ruanda and Urundi remained under Belgian control - these
later became Ruanda-Urundi.