15 October 1912 - 1 January 1934; 11 November 1942 - 24 December 1951
Italian protectorate, then United Nations trust territory
Incorporated into Libya
From 1521, Cyrenaica was region of the
Ottoman Empire. On 15th October 1912, Italy declared that Cyrenaica had become an Italian protectorate.
On 18th October 1912, the
Ottoman Empire officially ceded the territory to Italy. On 1st January 1934, Cyrenaica was united with the Italian protectorates of
Fezzan and Tripolitania to become the colony of Libya. In February 1941, during World War II, Cyrenaica was captured and
administered by Britain. Over the next couple of years, Cyrenaica
exchanged hands between Britain and the Axis forces several times.
By 11th November 1942, Cyrenaica was back in British control.
After the war, Cyrenaica became a United Nations Trust Territory, administered by Britain.
On 1st March 1949, Cyrenaica proclaimed its independence, and it achieved autonomy on 21st November 1949.
On 24th December 1951, Cyrenaica was reincorporated into Libya, now an independent nation.