1822 - 4 October 1966
British crown colony
Independent nation - Lesotho
The state of Basutoland was established in 1822 by
Paramount Chief Moshoeshoe I.
Britain formally recognised the state on 13th December 1843.
On 12th March 1868, Basutoland became a British
On 11th August 1871, it was annexed to the Cape Colony as the
On 18th March 1884, Basutoland became a colony in its own
Until 1st August 1964, Basutoland, together with Bechuanaland
and Swaziland, was governed by the British High Commissioner for Southern Africa. Therefore Basutoland, Bechuanaland and Swaziland were together known as the High Commission
Territories. (Note that Bechuanaland and Swaziland left the High Commission Territories in 1963.)
Basutoland gained autonomy on 30th April 1965.
On 4th October 1966, Basutoland gained full independence
from Britain, changing its name to Lesotho.